How to Play Darts

Playing darts is a popular activity that combines skill, precision, and a bit of friendly competition. Whether played in a bar, at home, or in a professional setting, mastering the game of darts can enhance hand-eye coordination, concentration, and mental arithmetic skills. This comprehensive guide will cover the essentials of playing daries from understanding the equipment to learning different game types.



The standard dartboard is divided into 20 numbered sections, scoring from 1 to 20 points. These sections are further segmented by wires running from the small central circle—the bullseye—to the outer circular wire. The bullseye scores 50 points for the inner circle and 25 points for the outer ring. There are also triple and double rings which score three times or twice the number printed in that section respectively.


Darts consist of four parts: the point, barrel, shaft, and flight. Points can be either steel-tipped for bristle boards or soft-tipped for electronic boards. The barrel is where you grip your dart, and it comes in various weights and grips. Shafts hold the flight at the cessation which stabilizes the dart during flight.

Setting Up Your Dartboard

Ideally, your dartboard should be hung so that the bullseye is 5 feet 8 inches (173 cm) off ground level—the same height as eye level for someone who’s six feet tall—on a wall where nearby areas are protected against stray throws with a surrounding backboard made of wood or felt.

The throwing line— also known as toe line—should be exactly 7 feet 9¼ inches (237 cm) from the face of a steel tip dartboard.

Basic Rules

  1. Starting Score: Most traditional games start with players having scores typically at 301 or 501 which they aim to reduce to exactly zero.
  2. Throwing: Players take turns throwing three darts each round.
  3. Scoring: Upon landing on any part of board scores get added/subtracted based on where darts land; doubles/triples count as twice/thrice respective segment values.
  4. Winning: To win you must reach exactly zero first but final dart must land in either double segment/bullseye.



Hold your dart between thumb and one or two fingers only ensuring minimal contact surface – this allows more control during throw.


Stand side-on at toe line with leading foot pointing towards board front non-leading foot planted behind slightly if comfortable maintain balance throughout motion without leaning forward too much overline..


Focus eyes directly spot wish hit usually starting bullseye before adjusting based current needs sitautoin i.e., aiming higher lower needed trying maximize effective play possible shots like triples/doubles when nearing end game..


Use smooth consistent arm movement release point being crucial ideally want releasing just as hand reaches eye level follow through aiming ensure proper trajectory towards intended target spot board..

Game Variations

While ‘01 games (301 &501) most common there multitude other fun variations:
Cricket revolves around closing numbers (15 through 20 plus bullseye) while outscoring opponent(s).
Around Clock involves hitting every number sequence finishing bulls last.
Killer adds element strategy players designate themselves “killers” after hitting specific doubles then attempt knock others out targeting their newly assigned doubles until one left standing..

These tips provide foundational knowledge necessary begin journey into becoming proficient player remember practice essential refining techniques becoming competitive irrespective chosen variation..